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Rick Porcello’s 0-walk, 0-strikeout shutout was miraculous

Jul 2, 2014, 7:46 PM EDT

If you go back to 1914 — which is how far back Baseball Reference’s amazing Pitching Game Finder goes back — you will find that 67 different pitchers have thrown shutouts without walking or striking out a single batter. The list includes Hall of Famers like Christy Mathewson and Eppa Rixey and Jesse Haines along with a handful pitchers you probably do not know. It has always been a rare feat — the zero-walk, zero-strikeout shutout.

But these days it’s not rare. It’s all but impossible. In fact, if you had asked me I would have said it IS impossible in today’s game. But apparently it’s not. Detroit’s Rick Porcello pulled it off Tuesday night.

How crazy was Porcello’s game? Well … crazy. Let’s put it this way: Do you know how many pitchers last year threw a complete game without striking out anybody or walking anybody — I’m not talking shutouts here I’m just talking any game with zero walks, zero Ks. Answer: 0.

2012: 0.
2011: 0.
2010: 0.
2009: 0

In fact, the only person since 2000 to throw a complete game without walking or striking out anybody was Seattle’s Joe Pineiro back in 2006. He gave up two runs. Before that, you have to go back to Pedro Astacio in 1994.

As mentioned, these zero-walk, zero-strikeout shutouts — let’s call them Porcellos to make it simple — these Porcellos used to be rare but they did happen. If you go back to 1969 — that expansion year championship series in each league — there have been nine Porcelllos pitched:

July 18, 1971: Cincinnati’s Ross Grimsley throws three-hit shutout against Padres.

June 4, 1974: Kansas City’s Al Fitzmorris throws three-hit shutout against Baltimore.

July 23, 1976: San Francisco’s Jim Barr throws four-hit shutout against Astros.

May 26, 1978: Cubs’ Dave Roberts throws seven-hit shutout against Cardinals.

June 4, 1979: Milwaukee’s Mike Caldwell scatters eight hits against White Sox.

July 20, 1986: White Sox Neil Allen throws two-hitter against Yankees.

July 21, 1987: Boston’s Roger Clemens pitches five-hit shutout against Angels.

August 21,1989: Baltimore’s Jeff Ballard gives up seven hits against Brewers.

July 1, 2014: Detroit’s Rick Porcello throws 95 pitches and gives up four hits to A’s.

Well, you can see that’s a 25-year gap between Ballard and Porcello. What did you expect? Shutouts are way down. Strikeouts are way up. Math is math. The only pitcher in the last decade to throw a shutout without a strikeout was Derek Lowe a couple of years ago — he walked four batters. You would never expect this Porcello thing to happen in today’s age.

Here’s why: If you let hitters put the ball in play in 2014, you are almost certainly going to get hurt. It’s really that simple. See, when players actually hit the ball, they are hitting it much harder than they ever have. You probably know about BABIP — Batting Average on Balls in Play — and that gets talked about a lot. It stays pretty constant. But what’s easy to forget is that BABIP does not include home runs. Home runs are not in play, so they are excluded from the average.

If you include home runs, batting averages DO NOT stay constant. The batting averages on balls hit has skyrocketed the last 20 or so years. In fact, 22 of the top 23 averages on balls hit have occurred since the 1994 strike year. The only other year to sneak on the list was 1930, which you might recall was this crazy offensive season where Bill Terry hit .400 and Hack Wilson drove in 191 RBIs and Chuck Klein hit 59 doubles and so on.

In 1989, the last time anyone threw a Porcello, batters hit .305 when they hit the ball. In 1978, when Dave Roberts had his Porcello, batters barely hit .300 when they hit the ball. My friend Al Fitzmorris, who threw a Porcello in 1974, has talked often about his approach as a pitcher which was basically: Keep the ball low and let them hit it. That year, 1974, was his best season: He struck out 53 batters ALL YEAR. Well, batters were hitting .301 when they hit the ball. You could get away with that back then.

In 2014, though — and remember, this is a year dominated by pitching — batters are hitting .324 when they hit the ball. And, of course, they are hitting with a lot more power too. So, as a pitcher, you really CAN’T let them put the ball in play. And that is a big factor in what the game has become.

Here’s a quick timeline of what I think has happened the last 20 or so years:

1. Batters started to get stronger — both through a new emphasis on working out and various performance enhancers both legal and illegal — and began swinging harder to take advantage of smaller strike zones, better bats, more home-run friendly ballparks.

2. Batters started hitting the ball much harder and setting all sorts of records.

3. Baseball began testing for PEDs, deadened the ball (I think) and expanded the strike zone through various means.

4. Pitchers (and managers) realized their one defense against these harder-swinging batters was to strike them out. So they began throwing much harder and in much shorter spurts.

5. Strikeouts went way, way up as hitters kept swinging hard and found themselves unable to adapt to the new environment.

6. Pitchers began blowing out their arms in greater numbers.

That seems to be where we are now. Strikeouts are at an all-time high. Tommy John surgeries seem to be a growth industry. And the whole “throw strikes and rely on your defense” strategy kind of went out the window.

Which brings us back to Porcello’s great shutout (his second in a row). It’s was a fascinating performance from another time — it began with four ground ball outs. He gave up a double to Jed Lowrie and a deep fly ball to Steven Vogt, but then the game settled down again. The Tigers shifted on John Jaso and that worked a couple of times. The A’s managed a couple of decently hit balls. But generally it was groundballs and pop-ups, groundballs and pop-ups. In the ninth, Jaso, Josh Donaldson and Brandon Moss all got the ball into the air but not deep enough and that was that. It was like something out of the 1970s. And it was pretty great.

There is a theory I’ve heard from several people working in baseball that hitting — the actual talent of hitting line drives and ground balls to all fields — is the next big commodity in baseball. Power has been the hot market for a long time — and hitters took hold of the game with their free-swinging homers. But now pitchers have taken back the game with their swing-and-miss pitches and bullpens filled with 100-mph flamethrowers. The theory is that teams will start to place big value again on hitters who are smaller and quicker guys who can hit .300, who will not strike out, who cannot be shifted against.

I don’t know if that’s really where the game is going … but I hope it goes that way at least a little bit. The Porcello game was a reminder that baseball is pretty great when there’s action, when balls are in play and fielders are moving and base runners are in motion. The game lasted two hours and 13 minutes, and it was crisp baseball. Hey, strikeouts are great. And walks are a powerful offensive weapon. But I think most fans would be just fine with just a few less of each.

  1. tmc602014 - Jul 2, 2014 at 8:09 PM

    Thumbs up on 3. Was the ball deadened because of the statistical assault on HR records, season and career? Or to lessen the effect of strength through chemistry?

    • Tim OShenko - Jul 2, 2014 at 8:52 PM

      There’s a corresponding belief (one that I share) that the ball was juiced in the years following the strike. In which case, MLB returned the ball to its pre-juiced state sometime after the single-season HR record was demolished.

      Of course, MLB has never admitted to either juicing or deadening the ball, letting PED use take full blame for the offensive explosion, so this could all be a conspiracy theory.

  2. roundballsquarebox24 - Jul 2, 2014 at 8:22 PM

    Wow, this was a fascinating article. I love the stat “a Porcello”. I think one is a little bit more difficult than the “Maddux”. The approach “keep the ball low, and let them hit it” is basically Henderson Alvarez’s exact approach. I can’t think of a better candidate than Alvarez is anybody else is going to throw another Porcello in any of our lifetime’s. The guy has pretty good control, and doesn’t get very many strikeouts. Already has 3 shutouts this season, and he’s got a few Maddux’s under his belt! But, much respect for Porcello, that is an amazing feat..

  3. nothanksimdriving123 - Jul 2, 2014 at 8:58 PM

    Honorable mention: Ken Holtzman, who on Aug. 19, 1969, did walk 3 guys but struck out zero and allowed zero hits. I think he’s the only pitcher to do that in the 20th century.

    • seeinred87 - Jul 3, 2014 at 11:05 AM

      Unless you mean specifically no hits, 3 walks, 0 K’s, Sam Jones had a 0 strikeout no-no for the Yankees in 1923 it looks like.

      • nothanksimdriving123 - Jul 3, 2014 at 2:26 PM

        Oops. Thanks See. Right you are. I forgot about “Sad” Sam Jones, who is not to be confused with Sam “Toothpick” Jones of the Cubs, who on May 12, 1955, became the first black pitcher to pitch a ML no-hitter. He had an amazing 9th inning: walked the first 3 batters, which brought the tying run to the plate, then struck out the next 3. Finished the season 14-20, and we don’t see that sort of W-L record very much anymore.

  4. whmiv21 - Jul 2, 2014 at 9:16 PM

    Wow, I did not expect to see Roger Clemens on that list.

    • spencersteel - Jul 2, 2014 at 10:31 PM

      Yeah – the amazing thing is not that Porcello threw a Porcello; it’s that Clemens did. I can’t imagine he had too many zero-K games in his career, let alone one in a CG ShO.

    • apkyletexas - Jul 3, 2014 at 12:57 AM

      It was part of an amazing stretch of 3 games in 1987 where Clemens threw 3 straight complete games with 0 earned runs, and only 1 unearned run. The game after he struck out 0 against the Angels, he struck out 14 against Seattle, so the low strikeouts wasn’t part of a trend.

      And you are right, in 24 seasons and 709 games, Clemens only had 10 total appearances with 0 strikeouts. In fact, he went 16 entire SEASONS without a zero strikeout appearance. He averaged 6.6 K’s per appearance – a bit off the pace of Nolan Ryan’s 7.08 K’s per appearance over 27 seasons.

  5. mianfr - Jul 2, 2014 at 11:21 PM

    Thanks for another fascinating update of “Old Sportswriter Discovers Baseball Play-by-Play Tool on the Internet”. You are truly a treasure.

  6. yosoyrorro - Jul 3, 2014 at 5:50 AM

    “The theory is that teams will start to place big value again on hitters who are smaller and quicker guys who can hit .300, who will not strike out, who cannot be shifted against.”

    You’re describing José Altuve (at least this season, and specially the “smaller” part)

    • roundballsquarebox24 - Jul 3, 2014 at 3:36 PM

      Yes, what Altuve is doing this season is truly impressive. Then you have V-Mart who has 20 homers, and 23 strikeouts so far this season! Add that to a .323 BA and that’s good for a .384 OBP and a .974 OPS. So far this season, I am truly in awe of what Altuve and Martinez are doing with the bat..

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